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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

186                                    FLOP A INDICA.               [Menispermacea.
being another species. In a specimen from Ceylon, not otherwise distinguishable,
the leaves are acute at the hose; and our Khasia specimens, which are not:'in flower,
have very lucid, ovjate, somewhat elongated, subpeltate leaves, which seem to belong
to a young shoot. One of Gardner's Ceylon specimens has very similar leaves. "Wight
and Arnott quote also C.Jlavescem, DC. (described from Rumph. v. t. 24), and C.
orliculatus, DC. (Encode, xi. t. 62). The latter synonym is very doubtful. Hheede's
plate does not at all resemble the present genus, and the description in DC. Syst. i.
523, which is taken from a specimen in the Lambertian Herbarium, belongs, no doubt,
to Cissampelos Paretra. The berries of Anamirta Cocculus, which arc poisonous,
are employed by the natives of India to kill fish. In England they arc extensively
used in the adulteration of beer.
TribllS III.  COCCTJLE-E.
Ovaria 8 vel plura. Drupes obovatae vel liippocrepiformes, styli ci-
catrice fere basilari, plus minus lateraliter compressse, cavitate seimni
subcylindrico conform!. J3tn6ryo in albumine parco axilis; >cotyledonea
appositee, elongates.
The structure of the seed ^of this tribe is completely masked in the fresh drupe by
the sarcocarp, but, in a dried state, the outer coat shrinks so as to display the mark-
ings and structure of the putamcn. "When the sarcocarp is removed, the 'pntamen is
seen to form an elongated cylinder, folded on itself, so as to bring the base and apex
into .contact: the concavity of the horse-shoe being filled up by a bony plate, va-
riously perforated, along which the nutritive vessels pass to the hilum, which is
situated at the apex of the sinus: in this way the radicnlar extremity of the seed,
which is really superior, is brought down close to the base of the drupe.-
The genus ftliacora is placed in a distinct tribe by Mr. Miers, on account of its
numerous ovaries, ruminated albumen, and valvatc calyx; but as Tinospora among
Tinosporets has ruminated albumen, which is wanting in others of the same tribe, and
several species of Limacia have a valvate aestivation of the inner sepals, we cannot
think that it is desirable to retain the tribe Tiliacorea.
6. THJACORA, Colebrooke.
Sepala 6, biserialia, exteriora multo minora, interiora ovalia, sestivar
tione margine vix imbricata. Petala 6,.minuta, cuneata. MAS. Stcti-
mina 6; filamenta cylindrica subcompressa; anthera adnatse, introrsse,
biloculares. F<BM. Ovaria 9-12, stylo brevi subiilato apiculata, gyno-
pboro brevi insidentia. Drwpa pedicellata3, obovatae, lateraliter sub-
compressee, prope basin styli cicatrice notatee. Putamen tenue, ligno-
sum, obscure costatum, utrinque sxdco notatum. Semen uncinato-in-
curmm. Testa tenuissima. Albumen oleosum, endosperraii plieis mem-
branaceis ruminatum. Embryo semen longitudine fere asquans. Radi-
cula cylindrica* Cotyledons* caraosse, plano-convexee.—Prutices alte
scandentes, inflorescentia axiUari patticulata, petiolis gracilibus la$i arti-
ciilatis.
Tffutfora is readily diftmgnished from all the other genera of its tribe by its rumi-
nated albumen and numerous ovaries. One species only is known to us, which is
widely diffused throughout tropical India. Mr. Miers alludes to an hermaphrodite
species from Ceylon, but this we have not seen; and Mr". Thwaitea's Ceylon speci-
mens do not differ in any way from continental or Malayan ones.
In TlUacora the stem, when wveral yean old, and one-third of an inch in dia-
meter, to cylindrical, hard, and woody, striated externally. Pith yery dense .and